What is gardening and types of gardening

What is gardening and types of gardening

 

Gardening is considered a branch of art, which is responsible for the design of gardens and the practice of cultivating them. Gardening can be done in open spaces (outdoors) as well as in closed spaces, such as small spaces inside a house, internal courtyards to a building, etc. Pristine Build Plan Draw Milton Keynes

In a garden (open or closed) you can grow flowers, vegetables and vegetables (what would be a garden) and in the case of spaces with a considerable size, you can also grow trees.
Types of gardening

Gardening is divided into horticulture, which is the cultivation of vegetables; Arboriculture, which is the cultivation of fruit trees; floriculture, which refers to the cultivation of flowers and the care of nurseries, where trees and small bushes are grown.

Horticulture
The horticulture is the science responsible for the growing plants. The term comes from the Latin hortus (orchard) and culture (cultivation). Horticulture is also the crop industry and, specifically, the term is also used for growing vegetables. This branch of agriculture is mainly concerned with the production of plants used by man, for food, ornamentation and also for medicinal purposes.

Horticulture has its origin in the beginning of sedentary life, when man began to cultivate the land. The Egyptians were from the civilizations that first began to cultivate, several centuries before Christ. In addition, they developed irrigation systems, a perfume industry and managed to understand the medicinal use of plants. The Mesopotamians, Assyrians and Babylonians also managed to develop agriculture. The hanging gardens of Babylon stand out.

The same happened in China and also in Greece, where one of the first botanical works appeared. As for Rome, he developed a greenhouse prototype and also grafting, refrigeration of fruits, among other things. In the Middle Ages, there was a great setback in terms of cultivation; however, in the Renaissance,

Over time, horticulture continued to develop and becoming increasingly important, due to factors such as population growth, better quality of life, increased demand, progress in communication channels, improvement of techniques of cultivation and new technologies.

The horticulture is a wide science, reason why in her numerous studies are realized. The different areas of study include arboriculture, which is responsible for studying trees, shrubs, vines and other perennial wood plants. In addition, it is responsible for selecting, planting, caring for and removing the species mentioned.

Floriculture, which is responsible for the production and marketing of flowers, especially for ornamentation. Landscape horticulture, which is concerned with the production, marketing and maintenance of the plants that constitute a landscape.

The olericultura, that includes the production and commercialization of the vegetables, especially vegetables and vegetables. The pomology, which studies, identifies, classifies and describes fruits. It is also responsible for its production and marketing.

The viticulture, which is responsible for the cultivation and marketing of grapes, mainly for the production of wines. There is also the post-harvest physiology, which is concerned with maintaining the quality of the crops and preventing their deterioration. Another branch of horticulture is specifically responsible for aromatic, medicinal and perfumiferous plants.

Horticulture, in addition to studying plants, in all their varieties and everything related, such as flowers, fruits, grains, etc., also includes the necessary knowledge of agriculture, botany, biology, chemistry, genetic engineering, biotechnology, mathematics, physiology , among many others. In addition, knowledge of business and everything related to marketing, marketing, economics, etc., is something that goes hand in hand for the success of this discipline.

In fact, horticulturists can perform in such diverse areas as in industry, educational and governmental institutions. They can be sellers and manage their own companies. In addition, they can work in the field as advisors, specialists in specific areas, inspectors, and they can even be professors and scientists.

Floriculture
The floriculture is the discipline of the horticulture oriented to the crop of flowers and ornamental plants in industrialized form for decorative use. Producers called floriculturists produce garden plants, for use by gardeners, landscapers, interior decorators, sale of cut flowers in florists or flower shops, for their final use in vase.

It is necessary to understand the floriculture as undertakings of massive production of plants by difference with gardening. The latter are those who make use of the productions of the flower growers. Floriculture companies are business ventures with a different complexity process, among which are: those of a family type of a regular size and those that reach high levels of investment by corporate-type companies.

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